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Indirect and unintended influence of energy policy instruments on energy efficiency investment - an analysis for the pulp and paper industry

: Aydemir, Ali; Friedrichsen, Nele

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2944343 (394 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 3f4e993fc11f21b72a27a1a334b142ca
Created on: 1.7.2014

European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy -ECEEE-, Paris:
eceee 2014 Industrial Summer Study on Energy Efficiency. Proceedings : Retool for a competitive and sustainable industry; 2-5 June, Papendal, Arnhem, the Netherlands
Stockholm: ECEEE, 2014
ISBN: 978-91-980482-4-7 (Print)
ISBN: 978-91-980482-5-4 (Online)
European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ECEEE Industrial Summer Study) <2014, Arnhem>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()
barriers; electricity bill; energy efficiency investments; energy policy; pulp and paper industry

Paper production is an energy-intensive process. It accounted for roughly 12.7 % of the industrial final energy demand in Germany in 2010. With regard to electricity utilization, it accounted for about 9.5 % of the industrial electricity demand in Germany in 2010. However, significant potentials to increase energy efficiency via new technologies do exist. Yet realization of these potentials is slow, with lack of profitability being one of the most important barriers to the adoption of energy-efficient technologies in the industry.
The profitability of efficiency investments largely depends on electricity prices with lower prices increasing the pay back time of efficiency investments and vice-versa. Electricity prices include politically driven levies that vary within the EU. Typically, certain exemptions from paying the full levies apply to industrial electricity consumption. Our paper deals with the question of how strongly these levies and privileges that reduce levies for industrial electricity consumption influence the profitability of energy efficiency investment in Germany, France, the Netherlands and the UK. As different economic and technical boundary conditions underlie different sectors, we analyse a stylized case in the pulp and paper sector.
First, we define a sample paper mill. Important characteristics are the annual electricity consumption (determined by annual production and specific electricity consumption) and the capacity and voltage at which the plant is connected to the electricity grid. Second, we derive the electricity price including levies for the paper mill. Third, we calculate the internal rate of
return (IRR) of an investment in a high-efficiency paper refiner. Finally, we vary the politically driven components of the electricity price to investigate their influence on profitability and compare results across countries. A sensitivity analysis is also conducted for varying efficiency gains.
The results give insight into a) how strong privileges with regard to policy-driven power price components for industrial electricity consumption affect profitability of energy-efficient investment and b) how this influence differs between the compared member states. Further analysis is needed for energy efficiency technologies with other characteristics and in other sectors.