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Array projection of aperiodic sinusoidal fringes for high-speed 3D shape measurement

: Heist, Stefan; Mann, Andreas; Kühmstedt, Peter; Schreiber, Peter; Notni, Gunther


Optical engineering 53 (2014), No.11, Art. 112208
ISSN: 0091-3286
ISSN: 0036-1860
ISSN: 1560-2303
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()
three-dimensional measurement; high-speed pattern projection; multi-channel array projector; aperiodic sinusoidal fringes

Three-dimensional (3-D) measurement systems based on coded-light techniques are conventionally limited by the projection speed, which is typically in the range of a few 100 Hz, resulting in 3-D frame rates of 1 to 60 Hz. We propose to use an array projector for 3-D shape measurements, which enables much higher projection frame rates of up to the 100-kHz range. In contrast to previous setups, it does not project well-known phase-shifted sinusoidal fringes and Gray code patterns, but aperiodic sinusoidal fringes. This new technique, based on sine-shaped fringes with spatially and temporally varying offset, amplitude, period length, and phase shift, allows accurate 3-D measurement of objects, even with sharp edges, high slope, or varying surface properties, at high speed up to the kilohertz range. This paper explains the 3-D measurement principle and the basic design of an array projector that projects aperiodic sinusoidal fringes. It verifies the consistency between specified and projected patterns and points out the results of the setup's characterization, e.g., of its high-speed capability. Furthermore, first 3-D shape measurements at a projection frame rate of 3 kHz resulting in a 3-D frame rate of >330 Hz are presented and evaluated.