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Transient gene expression of recombinant terpenoid indole alkaloid enzymes in Catharanthus roseus leaves

: Fiore, S. di; Hoppmann, V.; Fischer, R.; Schillberg, S.

Plant molecular biology reporter 22 (2004), No.1, pp.15-22
ISSN: 0735-9640
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

We developed a transient expression assay for Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus [L.] G. Don.) that is based on vacuum infiltration of intact leaves with recombinant Agrobacterium tumefaciens. This simple and rapid technique was used to overexpress tryptophan decarboxylase (tdc) and striclosidine synthase (str1) acnes, which encode 2 key enzymes of the terpenoid indole alkaloid (TIA) biosynthesis pathway. Immuoblot analysis of crude leaf extracts demonstrated that recombinant TDC and STR1 accumulated to detectable levels when targeted to their native subcellular compartments (i.e., the cylosol and vacuole, respectively) or to the chloroplast. In this article, we discuss possible applications of the transient assay in studies on the overexpression of enzymes of the TIA pathway in intact C. roseus leaves.