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Multifunctional implants realised by additive manufacturing

Presentation held at Joint Indo-German Symposium "Strategies for improved bone replacement materials and orthopaedic implants: Design - manufacturing - technologies", 19.-21. February, 2014, Dresden
: Müller, Bernhard; Töppel, Thomas

presentation urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2870768 (3.3 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: abd1b19ffde16098d89d7b76d6c6cc06
Created on: 30.4.2014

2014, 3 Folien
Workshop "Strategies for Improved Bone Replacement Materials and Orthopaedic Implants" <2014, Dresden>
Presentation, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWU ()
medical technology; implants; implant design; additive manufacturing; laser beam melting; selective laser melting; functional integration; biomedical additive manufacturing; functional channels; functional cavities; hip stem; lattice structure; drug depot; titanium

At the current state of the art, endoprostheses are predominantly manufactured by cutting, forming or casting technologies. Another, rather new way of implant manufacturing is the additive manufacturing process called Beam Melting, using a laser or electron beam. In particular the customized production with no need for any type of tooling, combined with the unique freedom of design spark interest in this technology for implant manufacturing. The use of Beam Melting enables the fabrication of endoprostheses with almost any design of inner and outer geometries. Previous developments and research activities were focussing either on customized, patient specific implant designs with a production batch size of only one piece, or on structured surfaces of specific design for better bone ingrowth and improved stability of the implant-bone bonding. Both approaches have not yet reached a significant breakthrough for additive manufacturing as an adopted technology to produce (metal) implants, besides some niche applications, e. g. for individual cranial or jaw plates or some Electron Beam Melting series production of hip cups. This presentation presents the results of a completely new approach to trigger this awaited breakthrough of additive implant manufacturing. This approach focuses on the integration of completely new features and functions into endoprostheses which give various added value opportunities to implants that where unthinkable before. The presentation describes how strategies from tooling applications of additive manufacturing were adopted which have proved very successful in giving added value to tools and dies by implementing complex inner cooling channels. The presentation describes the innovative inner design features like functional channels and cavities introduced in standard implants, e. g. hip stems.