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Feel the heat. Nonlinear electrothermal feedback in organic LEDs

: Fischer, A.; Koprucki, T.; Gärtner, K.; Tietze, M.L.; Brückner, J.; Lüssem, B.; Leo, K.; Glitzky, A.; Scholz, R.


Advanced Functional Materials 24 (2014), No.22, pp.3367-3374
ISSN: 1616-301X
ISSN: 1616-3028
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FEP ()

For lighting applications, organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) need much higher brightness than for displays, leading to self-heating. Due to the temperature-activated transport in organic semiconductors, this can result in brightness inhomogeneities and catastrophic failure. Here, it is shown that due to the strong electrothermal feedback of OLEDs, the common spatial current and voltage distribution is completely changed, requiring advanced device modeling and operation concepts. This study clearly demonstrates the effect of S-shaped negative differential resistance in OLEDs induced by self-heating. As a consequence, for increasing voltage, regions with declining voltages are propagating through the device, and even more interestingly, a part of these regions show even decreasing currents, leading to strong local variation in luminance. The expected breakthrough of OLED lighting technology will require an improved price performance ratio, and the realization of modules with very high brightness but untainted appearance is considered to be an essential step into this direction. Thus, a deeper understanding of the control of electrothermal feedback will help to make OLEDs in lighting more competitive.