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Automatic acoustic siren detection in traffic noise by part-based models

: Schröder, J.; Goetze, S.; Grützmacher, V.; Anemüller, J.


IEEE Signal Processing Society; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2013. Proceedings. Vol.1 : Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 26 - 31 May 2013
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2013
ISBN: 978-1-4799-0357-3
ISBN: 978-1-4799-0356-6
International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP) <38, 2013, Vancouver>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IDMT ()

State-of-the-art classifiers like hidden Markov models (HMMs) in combination with mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) are flexible in time but rigid in the spectral dimension. In contrast, part-based models (PBMs) originally proposed in computer vision consist of parts in a fully deformable configuration. The present contribution proposes to employ PBMs in the spectro-temporal domain for detection of emergency siren sounds in traffic noise, resulting in a classifier that is robust to shifts in frequency induced, e.g., by Doppler-shift effects. Two improvements over standard machine learning techniques for PBM estimation are proposed: (i) Spectro-temporal part ("appearance") extraction is initialized by interest point detection instead of random initialization and (ii) a discriminative training approach in addition to standard generative training is implemented. Evaluation with self-recorded police sirens and traffic noise gathered on-line demonstrates that PBMs are successful in acoustic siren detection. One hand-labeled and two machine learned PBMs are compared to standard HMMs employing mel-spectrograms and MFCCs in clean and multi condition (multiple SNR) training settings. Results show that in clean condition training, hand-labeled PBMs and HMMs outperform machine-learned PBMs already for test data with moderate additive noise. In multi condition training, the machine learned PBMs outperform HMMs on most SNRs, achieving high accuracies and being nearly optimal up to 5 dB SNR. Thus, our simulation results show that PBMs are a promising approach for acoustic event detection (AED).