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Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity

 
: Allan, Eric; Bossdorf, Oliver; Dormann, Carsten F.; Prati, Daniel; Gossner, Martin M.; Tscharntke, Teja; Blüthgen, Nico; Bellach, Michaela; Birkhofer, Klaus; Boch, Steffen; Böhm, Stefan; Börschig, Carmen; Chatzinotas, Antonis; Christ, Sabina; Daniel, Rolf; Diekötter, Tim; Fischer, Christiane; Friedl, Thomas; Glaser, Karin; Hallmann, Christine; Hodac, Ladislav; Hölzel, Norbert; Jung, Kirsten; Klein, Alexandra Maria; Klaus, Valentin H.; Kleinebecker, Till; Krauss, Jochen; Lange, Markus; Morris, E. Kathryn; Müller, Jörg; Nacke, Heiko; Pašalic, Esther; Rillig, Matthias C.; Rothenwöhrer, Christoph; Schall, Peter; Scherber, Christoph; Schulze, Waltraud; Socher, Stephanie A.; Steckel, Juliane; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Türke, Manfred; Weiner, Christiane N.; Werner, Michael; Westphal, Catrin; Wolters, Volkmar; Wubet, Tesfaye; Gockel, Sonja; Gorke, Martin; Hemp, Andreas; Renner, Swen C.; Schöning, Ingo; Pfeiffer, Simone; König-Ries, Birgitta; Buscot, François; Linsenmair, Karl Eduard; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Fischer, Markus

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America : PNAS 111 (2014), No.1, pp.308-313
ISSN: 0027-8424
ISSN: 1091-6490
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
1374
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()
agricultural grasslands; biodiversity exploratories; biodiversity loss

Abstract
Although temporal heterogeneity is a well-accepted driver of biodiversity, effects of interannual variation in land-use intensity (LUI) have not been addressed yet. Additionally, responses to land use can differ greatly among different organisms; therefore, overall effects of land-use on total local biodiversity are hardly known. To test for effects of LUI (quantified as the combined intensity of fertilization, grazing, and mowing) and interannual variation in LUI (SD in LUI across time), we introduce a unique measure of whole-ecosystem biodiversity, multidiversity. This synthesizes individual diversity measures across up to 49 taxonomic groups of plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria from 150 grasslands. Multidiversity declined with increasing LUI among grasslands, particularly for rarer species and aboveground organisms, whereas common species and belowground groups were less sensitive. However, a high level of interannual variation in LUI increased overall multidiversity at low LUI and was even more beneficial for rarer species because it slowed the rate at which the multidiversity of rare species declined with increasing LUI. In more intensively managed grasslands, the diversity of rarer species was, on average, 18% of the maximum diversity across all grasslands when LUI was static over time but increased to 31% of the maximum when LUI changed maximally over time. In addition to decreasing overall LUI, we suggest varying LUI across years as a complementary strategy to promote biodiversity conservation.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-281978.html