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Analysis of the STAT3 interactome using in-situ biotinylation and SILAC

: Blumert, Conny; Kalkhof, Stefan; Brocke-Heidrich, K.; Kohajda, T.; Bergen, Martin von; Horn, Friedemann


Journal of Proteomics 94 (2013), pp.370-386
ISSN: 1874-3919
ISSN: 1876-7737
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()
CDK; Epo; IL-6; in-situ biotinylation; interactome; LC-MS; SILAC; Stat3; cyclin-dependent kinase; erythropoietin; Interleukin-6; liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry; Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT); stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is activated by a variety of cytokines and growth factors. To generate a comprehensive data set of proteins interacting specifically with STAT3, we applied stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC). For high-affinity pull-down using streptavidin, we fused STAT3 with a short peptide tag allowing biotinylation in situ (bio-tag), which did not affect STAT3 functions. By this approach, 3642 coprecipitated proteins were detected in human embryonic kidney-293 cells. Filtering using statistical and functional criteria finally extracted 136 proteins as putative interaction partners of STAT3. Both, a physical interaction network analysis and the enrichment of known and predicted interaction partners suggested that our filtering criteria successfully enriched true STAT3 interactors. Our approach identified numerous novel interactors, including ones previously predicted to associate with STAT3. By reciprocal coprecipitation, we were able to verify the physical association between STAT3 and selected interactors, including the novel interaction with TOX4, a member of the TOX high mobility group box family. Applying the same method, we next investigated the activation-dependency of the STAT3 interactome. Again, we identified both known and novel interactions. Thus, our approach allows to study protein–protein interaction effectively and comprehensively.