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Chemical post-treatment and thermoelectric properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) thin films

 
: Luo, J.; Billep, D.; Blaudeck, T.; Sheremet, E.; Rodriguez, R.D.; Zahn, Dietrich R.T.; Toader, M.; Hietschold, M.; Otto, T.; Gessner, T.

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Journal of applied physics 115 (2014), No.5, Art. 054908, 6 pp.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ENAS ()

Abstract
We report on the modification of the thermoelectric properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) thin films by means of a simple post treatment of the solid thin films realized by drop-coating. We show that the organic polar solvents, dimethyl sulfoxide and ethylene glycol as secondary dopants for PEDOT:PSS, only affect the film morphology for which a high electrical conductivity is observed. In contrast, ethanolamine (MEA) and ammonia solutions are reduction agents that improve the density of PEDOT chains in the reduced forms (polaron and neutral states), resulting in the trade-off between Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity. Furthermore, we show that the nature of amines determines the reduction degree: the nitrogen lone pair electrons in MEA are easier to be donated than those in ammonia solution and will therefore neutralize the PEDOT chains.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-279256.html