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Parallel particle filter for state of charge and health estimation with a long term test

Presentation held at EVS 2013, 27th Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, Barcelona, Spain, 17-20 November 2013
: Schwunk, S.; Straub, S.; Armbruster, N.; Matting, S.; Vetter, M.

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2756438 (807 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: da91812279b27a8d99db2155634d1104
Created on: 1.2.2014

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, EVS 2013 : 17-20 November 2013, Barcelona, Spain
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2013
ISBN: 978-1-4799-3833-9 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-4799-3832-2
10 pp.
World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS) <27, 2013, Barcelona>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Elektrische Energiesysteme; Speichertechnologien; Batteriesysteme

The paper presents a new approach for state estimation of batteries that is able to overcome most of the obstacles for the classical Kalman filter approach. The so called particle filter is able to use any probability density function by applying monte carlo sampling methods for approximating the density functions for state of charge and state of health defined by the remaining capacity. Thereby the restriction of the Kalman filter to zero mean Gaussian distributions for all states and errors is overcome. The paper proves the validity of the approach by testing lithium metal oxide / graphite batteries with different states of health by applying different current and temperature profiles. A special focus of the testing is on electric vehicles and photovoltaic applications. For electric vehicles state of health determination achieves a correctness of 1 % or better and is a bit worse for photovoltaic applications with 3.75 % or better for ageing state between 100%and 80%of initial capacity. During long term testing the algorithm is validated with a decreasing state of health over time due to accelerated ageing. The state of charge estimation is always better than 1 % in long term testing and the state of health is correctly tracked over time.