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Debris of potassium-magnesium silicate glass generated by femtosecond laser-induced ablation in air

An analysis by near edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, micro Raman and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
: Grehn, M.; Seuthe, T.; Reinhardt, F.; Höfner, M.; Griga, N.; Eberstein, M.; Bonse, J.


Applied surface science 302 (2014), pp.286-290
ISSN: 0169-4332
European Materials Research Society (Spring Meeting) <2013, Strasbourg>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
femtosecond laser ablation; potassium-magnesium silicate glass; debris; XANES; EDX; raman spectroscopy

The redeposited material (debris) resulting from ablation of a potassiummagnesium silicate glass upon scanning femtosecond laser pulse irradiation (130 fs, 800 nm) in air environment is investigated by means of three complementary surface analytical methods. Changes in the electronic band structure of the glass constituent Magnesium (Mg) were identified by X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure spectroscopy (XANES) using synchrotron radiation. An up-shift of ≈0.8 eV of a specific Magnesium K-edge absorption peak in the spectrum of the redeposited material along with a significant change in its leading edge position was detected. In contrast, the surface left after laser ablation exhibits a downshift of the peak position by ≈0.9 eV. Both observations may be related to a change of the Mg coordinative state of the laser modified/redeposited glass material. The presence of carbon in the debris is revealed by micro Raman spectroscopy (μ-RS) and was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). These observations are attributed to structural changes and chemical reactions taking place during the ablation process.