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Geometry-based spatial sound acquisition using distributed microphone arrays

: Thiergart, Oliver; Galdo, Giovanni del; Taseska, Maja; Habets, Emanuël A.P.


IEEE transactions on audio, speech and language processing 21 (2013), No.12, pp.2583-2594
ISSN: 1558-7916
European Commission EC
FP7-ICT; 287760; VCONECT
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IIS ()
Audio-Synthese; audio

Traditional spatial sound acquisition aims at capturing a sound field with multiple microphones such that at the reproduction side a listener can perceive the sound image as it was at the recording location. Standard techniques for spatial sound acquisition usually use spaced omnidirectional microphones or coincident directional microphones. Alternatively, microphone arrays and spatial filters can be used to capture the sound field. From a geometric point of view, the perspective of the sound field is fixed when using such techniques. In this paper, a geometry-based spatial sound acquisition technique is proposed to compute virtual microphone signals that manifest a different perspective of the sound field. The proposed technique uses a parametric sound field model that is formulated in the time-frequency domain. It is assumed that each time-frequency instant of a microphone signal can be decomposed into one direct and one diffuse sound component. It is further assumed that the direct component is the response of a single isotropic point-like source (IPLS) of which the position is estimated for each time-frequency instant using distributed microphone arrays. Given the sound components and the position of the IPLS, it is possible to synthesize a signal that corresponds to a virtual microphone at an arbitrary position and with an arbitrary pick-up pattern.