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Concept and integration of an on-line quasi-operational airborne hyperspectral remote sensing system

: Schilling, Hendrik; Lenz, Andreas; Gross, Wolfgang; Peerpet, Dominik; Wuttke, Sebastian; Middelmann, Wolfgang

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2670227 (1.5 MByte PDF)
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Copyright Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Created on: 26.11.2013

Kamerman, G.W. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Electro-Optical Remote Sensing, Photonic Technologies, and Applications VII and Military Applications in Hyperspectral Imaging and High Spatial Resolution Sensing : 24 - 26 September 2013, Dresden, Germany
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2013 (Proceedings of SPIE 8897)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-9766-6
Paper 88970V
Conference "Electro-Optical Remote Sensing, Photonic Technologies, and Applications" <7, 2013, Dresden>
Conference "Military Applications in Hyperspectral Imaging and High Spatial Resolution Sensing" <2013, Dresden>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
remote sensing; aerial reconnaissance; real time hyperspectral; MALE; online georeferencing; multi sensor wing pod

Modern mission characteristics require the use of advanced imaging sensors in reconnaissance. In particular, high spatial and high spectral resolution imaging provides promising data for many tasks such as classification and detecting objects of military relevance, such as camouflaged units or improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Especially in asymmetric warfare with highly mobile forces, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) needs to be available close to real-time. This demands the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in combination with downlink capability. The system described in this contribution is integrated in a wing pod for ease of installation and calibration. It is designed for the real-time acquisition and analysis of hyperspectral data. The main component is a Specim AISA Eagle II hyperspectral sensor, covering the visible and near-infrared (VNIR) spectral range with a spectral resolution up to 1.2 nm and 1024 pixel across track, leading to a ground sampling distance below 1 m at typical altitudes. The push broom characteristic of the hyperspectral sensor demands an inertial navigation system (INS) for rectification and georeferencing of the image data. Additional sensors are a high resolution RGB (HR-RGB) frame camera and a thermal imaging camera. For on-line application, the data is preselected, compressed and transmitted to the ground control station (GCS) by an existing system in a second wing pod. The final result after data processing in the GCS is a hyperspectral orthorectified GeoTIFF, which is filed in the ERDAS APOLLO geographical information system. APOLLO allows remote access to the data and offers web-based analysis tools. The system is quasi-operational and was successfully tested in May 2013 in Bremerhaven, Germany.