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Coffee aroma constituents and odorant metabolites in human urine

: Wagenstaller, Maria; Buettner, Andrea


Metabolomics 10 (2014), No.2, pp.225-240
ISSN: 1573-3882
ISSN: 1573-3890
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IVV ()

Excretion of odorants and their metabolites into human urine was investigated in urine samples obtained from 14 volunteers after consumption of common dosages of coffee with respect to blank urine samples prior to coffee consumption. Analyses were targeted both on common potent odor constituents of the coffee beverage, as characterized by aroma extract dilution analysis, as well as on volatile constituents of coffee occurring at elevated concentrations and thereby representing quantitatively dominating compounds in the coffee volatile fraction. Identification and quantification of the target substances was accomplished by two-dimensional high resolution gas chromatography mass spectrometry (2D-HR-GC-MS; heart-cut technique) in conjunction with stable isotope dilution assays. Quantification was made on free volatile or odoros marker substances in the urine and their glucuronidated derivatives. Data revealed that some odorants were present at considerably elevated concentrations after the ingestion of coffee. This was confirmed by the odor profiles of the respective urine samples during sensory analysis.