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Laser induced nanogratings beyond fused silica - periodic nanostructures in borosilicate glasses and ULE™

: Richter, Sören; Miese, Christopher; Döring, Sven; Zimmermann, Felix; Withford, Michael J.; Tünnermann, Andreas; Nolte, Stefan

Postprint (1.2 MByte; PDF; )

Optical Materials Express 3 (2013), No.8, pp.1161-1166
ISSN: 2159-3930
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()

We report on the ultrashort pulse laser induced formation of birefringent structures in the volume of different glasses: Borofloat 33, BK7 and ULE(TM). Using polarization contrast and scanning electron microscopy we could prove that this birefringence is induced by nanogratings. We were able to identify the pulse duration as a crucial process parameter for the generation of nanogratings in these glasses. The achieved birefringence in ULE is comparable to fused silica, while borosilicate glasses show much less birefringence (only about 12%). Remarkably, the period of the nanogratings is also dependent on the type of the glass, being 250 nm for ULE and only 60 nm in case of Borofloat 33.