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Heating and cooling in high-rise buildings using facade-integrated transparent solar thermal collector systems

: Maurer, C.; Baumann, T.; Hermann, M.; Lauro, P. di; Pavan, S.; Michel, L.; Kuhn, T.E.


Journal of building performance simulation 6 (2013), No.6, pp.449-457
ISSN: 1940-1493
ISSN: 1940-1507
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Thermische Anlagen und Gebäudetechnik; Energieeffiziente Gebäude; Solarthermie; Energieeffiziente Gebäude und Gebäudetechnik; Fassaden und Fenster; Solarthermische Fassaden; TSTC; BIST; collector; heating and cooling

New facades of high-rise buildings often include renewable energy converters to allow "green building" operation. At the same time, numerous tenants value visual transparency. Transparent solar thermal collectors (TSTCs) aim at decreasing the non-renewable primary energy demand and increasing the visual transparency at the same time. On the one hand, this paper presents the main modelling challenges that arise when considering building facades and especially integrated TSTC systems. New transient systems simulation (TRNSYS) [Beckman, W. A., L. Broman, A. Fiksel, S. A. Klein, E. Lindberg, M. Schuler, and J. Thornton. 1994. "TRNSYS The Most Complete Solar Energy System Modelling and Simulation Software." Renewable Energy 5 (1-4): 486-488] types have been especially developed for this purpose. A simplified model is presented for comparison purposes. On the other hand, the overall performance for a building with facade-integrated TSTC, as measured by its non-renewable prima ry energy demand, is treated. This is achieved by considering a complete simulation model coupling the TSTC, building and heating, ventilation and air conditioning operation. Possibilities for primary energy savings are investigated using the building mass as additional thermal storage.