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Permeation of mineral oil components from cardboard packaging materials through polymer films

: Ewender, Johann; Franz, Roland; Welle, Frank


Packaging Technology and Science 26 (2013), No.7, pp.423-434
ISSN: 0894-3214
ISSN: 1099-1522
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IVV ()

Mineral oil migration from cardboard packaging into foodstuffs is recognized as a serious problem for the consumers. Within this study, a fast automated method for the determination of mineral oil permeation through barrier films was developed. The method is using 15 defined standard substances representing mineral oil chemistry instead of complex mineral oil mixtures. The developed method can be used for the evaluation of the barrier properties for polymer films regarding mineral oil components from paper and cardboard packaging materials. For all investigated permeants and polymer films, the logarithm of the permeation rates and the logarithm of the vapour pressure result in a linear correlation. The correlation can be used to compare the permeation properties of different barrier films. From the results of this study, it can be concluded that 12m oriented polyethylene terephthalate or 15m oriented polyamide are effective barriers towards mineral oil components. The b arrier effect of pure polyolefin films is negligibly poor because the permeation is too fast and the lag time is in the range of a few hours at 40°C. As a consequence, the migration of mineral oil components from cardboard can be significantly reduced if inner layers of good barrier materials such as polyethylene terephthalate or polyamide are used.