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Robot assistants as simple and effective tools in manufacturing environments

: Hägele, M.; Schaaf, W.; Helms, E.

Prassler, E.; Lawitzky, G.; Stopp, A.; Grunwald, G.; Hägele, M.; Dillmann, R.; Iossifidis, I.:
Advances in human-robot interaction
Berlin: Springer, 2005 (Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics - STAR 14)
ISBN: 3-540-23211-7
Book Article
Fraunhofer IPA ()
Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion; robot assistant; Roboterassistent; robot safety; task planning; Roboterprogrammierung; Sicherheit

A safe and flexible co-operation between robot and operator may be a promissing way to achieve better productivity at the manual workplace. Thus, robot assistance can be though to be simple and effective tools in manufacturing environments for fetch and carry jobs, assembly, handling, machining, measuring etc. Key components and methods supporting these next generation robot systems are currently under intense investigation and it is expectet that first scenarios of workers co-operating with manufacturing assistants for selected tasks are within one to three years reach from now. In this paper, key issues in the evolution from robots to robot assistant will be addressed and typical scenarios for midterm realizations will be given. Fundamental requirements regarding intuitive programming lead to advanced control architectures, which incorporate multi-modal man-machine-interfaces and automatic task planning.