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Fast atom beam-activated n-Si/n-GaAs wafer bonding with high interfacial transparency and electrical conductivity

 
: Essig, S.; Moutanabbir, O.; Wekkeli, A.; Nahme, H.; Oliva, E.; Bett, A.W.; Dimroth, F.

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Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2499315 (2.2 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: cd2e2d6103b3df5ac51a35ba7f1d9abf
Created on: 16.8.2014


Journal of applied physics 113 (2013), No.20, Art. 203512, 6 pp.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Fraunhofer EMI ()
Materialien - Solarzellen und Technologie; III-V und Konzentrator-Photovoltaik; Farbstoff; Organische und Neuartige Solarzellen; Alternative Photovoltaik-Technologien; III-V Epitaxie und Solarzellen; Tandemsolarzellen auf kristallinem Silicium; Solarzellen und Bauelemente

Abstract
Optically transparent, electrically conductive n-Si/n-GaAs direct wafer bonds are achieved by athorough optimization of surface conditioning using fast atom beams. Bonding at room temperature under high-vacuum conditions is systematically investigated after in situ surface deoxidization using either argon or helium fast atom beams. Using argon, high bond energies of up to 900 mJ/m2 areobtained and further enhanced to achieve bulk strength through rapid annealing at 290 C, thereby enabling the production of thermally stable and mechanically robust hybrid substrates. Moreover, the interface conductivity is significantly improved by an additional thermal annealing at 400 C. Although it is anticipated to induce higher quality interfaces, helium treatment yields, however, limited and unstable bonding. This difference is attributed to an important surface nano-texturing that occurs during fast atom beam processing, a phenomenon that is peculiar to helium and absent in argon treatment.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-249931.html