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Impact of climate change on historic buildings and future energy demand by using whole building simulation tools

: Leissner, Johanna; Kilian, Ralf; Antretter, Florian; Huijbregts, Zara; Schellen, Henk; Schijndel, Jos van

Hauser, Gerd (Ed.); Lützkendorf, Thomas (Ed.); Essig, Natalie (Ed.) ; TU München; Karlsruhe Institute of Technology -KIT-; Fraunhofer-Institut für Bauphysik -IBP-, Stuttgart:
Implementing sustainability - barriers and chances. Book of full papers : April 24 - 26, 2013; SB 13 Munich
Stuttgart: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, 2013
ISBN: 978-3-8167-8982-6 (E-Book)
Sustainable Building Conference (SB) <2013, Munich>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Climate Change is one of the most critical global challenges of our time. Since many decades a huge number of scientists from all over the world are researching this topic and are developing complex climate models suitable to make future climate projections. Climate change in itself is not the main concern; more important is its impact on the planet. But less certain information is available how the changing climate affects mankind and its environment. Although many studies have been conducted to explore the impact of climate change on economy, biodiversity and agriculture or on fresh water availability, only little is known whether and how climate change influences our cultural heritage. Within the European funded project Climate for Culture running from 2009 until 2014, a multidisciplinary research team consisting of 27 partners from the EU, Croatia and Egypt is performing research to make substantial contributions to estimate the impacts of climate change on the indoor environments in historic buildings and their vast collections in Europe and the Mediterranean.
For this purpose, the CLIMATE FOR CULTURE project has started for the first time ever to couple climate modelling with whole building simulation tools: Completely newly developed high resolution climate change evolution scenarios provide the necessary climate indices for the period from 1960 until 2100. A set of climate indices are used in whole building simulation tools to assess future projections of outdoor climate changes on the indoor environments in historic buildings and ist impacts on cultural heritage items in Europe and Egypt. This coupling allows estimates on future indoor climates and energy demands and suitable mitigation strategies can be developed and tested. Valuable collections in historic buildings from different climate zones are included for in situ investigation of contemporary and past problems and for the projection of future demanding issues.