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Quasi phase matching in femtosecond pulse volume structured x-cut lithium niobate

: Thomas, Jens; Hilbert, Vinzenz; Geiss, Reinhard; Pertsch, Thomas; Tünnermann, Andreas; Nolte, Stefan


Laser & photonics reviews 7 (2013), No.3, pp.L17-L20
ISSN: 1863-8880
ISSN: 1863-8899
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()
integrated optic; laser writing; lithium niobate; nonlinear optics; quasi phase matching

All optical inscription of quasi phase matching structures in an x-cut LiNbO3 crystal is demonstrated. Quasi phase matching is obtained by periodically lowering the nonlinear refractive index of the crystal using focussed ultrashort pulses. The structures were used to frequency double 1.55 µm light. The converted signal could be enhanced by a factor of 70 with respect to the unmodified material. From these measurement it could be deduced that the nonlinearity has been periodically damped up to 20%.