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Vibration reduction on automotive shafts using piezoceramics

: Kunze, H.; Riedel, M.; Schmidt, K.; Bianchini, E.


Anderson, E.H. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.; American Society of Mechanical Engineers -ASME-:
Smart structures and materials 2003 - Industrial and commercial applications of smart structures technologies : 4 - 6 March 2003, San Diego, California, USA
Bellingham/Wash.: SPIE, 2003 (SPIE Proceedings Series 5054)
ISBN: 0-8194-4859-1
Conference "Smart Structures and Materials" <2003, San Diego/Calif.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWU ()

This paper reports an experimental study on active vibration reduction for automotive shafts with the use of piezoelectric material. The work focuses on an axle of an Audi A2. The demand in the automobile sector for higher comfort in the vehicle is of a great importance alongside the requirements of lighter weight and low fuel consumption. These requirements are typically in conflict with each other. One solution is the use of intelligent materials instead of viscoelastic materials and proof mass absorbers. These solutions are quite heavy especially at low frequencies. Active vibration control and piezoelectric devices are advantageous in this application due to their low mass to performance ratio. Our research study explores the use of such piezoelectric devices for an axle. In conjunction with electronics it will reduce vibrations in the first natural bending mode of the axle. Laboratory tests simulated the condition present in the road. At first a stationary set up was used, then a simulated disturbance was input at the attachment points of the shaft. Finally, a test with rotating shaft was performed. Piezoelectric devices (custom QuickPacks from ACX, a Division of Cymer) were used as sensors and as actuators to properly control the axle during the different operating conditions. The power consumption of each actuator pair was less than 20W. The work described here details the test setup, the control strategy, the hardware implementation as well as the test results obtained.