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High performance InP ring resonator for new generation monolithically integrated optical gyroscopes

: Ciminelli, C.; Dell'Olio, F.; Armenise, M.N.; Soares, F.M.; Passenberg, W.

Postprint (HTML; )

Optics Express 21 (2013), No.1, pp.556-564
ISSN: 1094-4087
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer HHI ()

An InP ring resonator with an experimentally demonstrated quality factor (Q) of the order of 106 is reported for the first time. This Q value, typical for low loss technologies such as silica-on-silicon, is a record for the InP technology and improves the state-of-the-art of about one order of magnitude. The cavity has been designed aiming at the Q-factor maximization while keeping the resonance depth of about 8 dB. The device was fabricated using metal-organic vapour-phase-epitaxy, photolithography and reactive ion etching. It has been optically characterized and all its performance parameters have been estimated. InP waveguide loss low as 0.45 dB/cm has been measured, leading to a potential shot noise limited resolution of 10 degrees/h for a new angular velocity sensor.