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Chirp-scaling algorithm for bistatic SAR data in the constant-offset configuration

: Wang, R.; Loffeld, O.; Nies, H.; Knedlik, S.; Ender, J.H.G.


IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing 47 (2009), No.3, pp.952-964
ISSN: 0196-2892
ISSN: 0018-9413
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FHR

This paper discusses the processing method for bistatic SAR data in the constant-offset configuration. The constant-offset configuration is also known as the azimuth stationary or invariant configuration where transmitter and receiver follow each other, moving on identical velocity vector. In this paper, the proposed processing method for bistatic SAR data is based on Loffeld's bistatic formula that consists of two terms, i.e., the quasi-monostatic (QM) term and bistatic-deformation (BD) term. Our basic idea is to linearize the aforementioned two terms and then incorporate the BD term into the QM term to obtain an analogous monostatic spectrum. Based on the new spectrum, any efficient 2-D frequency or range-Doppler domain processor can easily be employed to process the bistatic data, where the Doppler phase parameters of the processor need to be adjusted. In this paper, we concentrate on the application of chirp-scaling-algorithm (CSA) processor. In addition, a bistatic-motion error model is developed where the position deviations of the two platforms are simplified as the bistatic slant-range displacement in the zero Doppler plane. Using this model, the monostatic motion-compensation technique is applied and integrated into CSA to compensate the trajectory deviations of transmitter and receiver. Finally, real and simulated data are used to validate the proposed processing method.