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The role and impact of biomass heating support policies

: Kranzl, Lukas; Müller, Andreas; Hummel, Marcus; Bürger, Veit; Beurskens, Luuk; Connor, Peter M.; Giakoumi, Argyro; Minas, Iatridis; Ericsson, Karin; Steinbach, Jan


Faulstich, Martin ; ETA-Renewable Energies, Florence; WIP - Renewable Energies, München:
From research to industry and markets. 19th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2011. Proceedings. DVD-ROM : ICC Berlin, International Congress Center Berlin, Germany, conference 6 - 10 June 2011, exhibition 6 - 9 June 2011
Florence: ETA, 2011
ISBN: 978-88-89407-55-7
ISBN: 978-88-89407-55-4
European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (EU BC&E) <19, 2011, Berlin>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISI ()
bioenergy; heat; modelling; policy

Within the EU27 biomass heating covers about 90% of all renewable energy sources in the heating sector (RESH). According to the NREAPs of EU member states, biomass heating should further increase from 49 Mtoe (2005) to 87 Mtoe (2020). Yet, several questions are open regarding required support policies and the expected technological, economic and system change. In this paper we develop scenarios for the heating sector in selected EUcountries based on the models Invert/EELab (for the buildings) and RESolveH/C (for the industry) up to 2030. For regions with a currently high share of biomass heating it will be essential to address the large stock of partly inefficient wood log stoves and boilers. In all regions and scenarios, wood chip and wood pellet systems as well as biomass district heating show a significant higher growth than the overall biomass heating sector. According to our scenarios biomass could cover a share between more than 80% (LT), more than 3040% (AT, PL) and up to 1020% (GR, DE, UK, NL) of the energy consumption for space heating and hot water. Effective combination of policy elements is crucial for the further development of the sector and integration of efficiency measures with biomass deployment.