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Relevance of non-guideline studies for risk assessment. The coverage model based on most frequent targets in repeated dose toxicity studies

 
: Batke, Monika; Aldenberg, Tom; Escher, Sylvia; Mangelsdorf, Inge

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Preprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2232201 (285 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 41fc505aac91421122adb2d6da37c62c
Created on: 20.12.2012


Toxicology letters 218 (2013), No.3, pp.293-298
ISSN: 0378-4274
ISSN: 1879-3169
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
Extrapolation factors; Repeated dose toxicity; Integrated testing strategy; Study quality; OECD guideline

Abstract
A common challenge for human risk assessment is the quality of the available animal studies. Non-guideline studies are often limited for different aspects of study design and documentation. Within this publication the relevance of a limited scope of examination is discussed. Preliminary analyses of the RepDose database have shown that liver, body weight, kidney and clinical symptoms are frequently affected in oral repeated dose toxicity in rats and mice (Bitsch et al., 2006), while many other targets are seldom affected. As most of these targets are investigated frequently also in non-guideline studies, it is likely that they provide a reliable NOEL, although the full spectrum of endpoints has not been covered. Based on RepDose data we investigate the relevance of individual targets for determining the LOEL and the consequences for risk assessment. The resulting coverage model for subchronic oral rat studies includes up to six targets and an additional assessment factor for LOEL extrapolation. It can be applied to assess the reliability of non-guideline studies with respect to the scope of examination. Furthermore the application of the coverage model to other databases will increase and/or specify the chemical domain and reveal respective targets as well as effects.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-223220.html