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Novel tetrapotassioum azo diphosphonate (INAZO) as flame retardant for polyuerethane adhesives

: Tirri, Teija; Aubert, Melanie; Wilén, Carl-Eric; Pfaendner, Rudolf; Hoppe, Holger


Polymer degradation and stability 97 (2012), No.3, pp.375-382
ISSN: 0141-3910
Journal Article
Fraunhofer LBF ()
polymer; inorganic

An inorganic azo diphosphonate (INAZO), (KO)2(O)P-N]N-P(O)(OK)2$4H2O, was synthesized and tested as a novel type of flame retardant additive for castor oil and oligomeric methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (PMDI) based two component polyurethane adhesive with or without using dolomite ((CaMg(CO3)2) as filler. Flammability according to UL 94 test and performance under forced-flaming conditions (cone calorimeter) were investigated at the additive loadings of 5, 10 and 20 wt %. It was shown that INAZO improves flame retardancy by significantly reducing heat release rate (HRR), maximum average rate of heat emission (MARHE) and total smoke release (TSR) values in comparison to CaMg(CO3)2 filled polyurethane adhesives. The macroscopic structure of the sample residues after cone calorimeter measurement was also analysed. The action mechanism of the developed INAZO flame retardant is suggested to be mainly in the condensed phase. UL 94 V-0 rating was achieved in the vertical burning test when 10 wt % loading of INAZO was used, whereas the reference flame retardant ammonium polyphosphate (APP) required a loading of 20 wt % to reach the V-0 classification.