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Self-adaptive road tracking in hyperspectral data for C-IED

: Schilling, Hendrik; Gross, Wolfgang; Middelmann, Wolfgang


Shen, S.S. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Imaging spectrometry XVII : 13-14 August 2012, San Diego, California, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2012 (Proceedings of SPIE 8515)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-9232-6
ISBN: 0-8194-9232-9
Paper 85150S
Conference "Imaging Spectrometry" <17, 2012, San Diego/Calif.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
hyperspectral; IED; road tracking; classification; reconnaissance; on-line learning; automatic data prioritization; UAV

For Counter Improvised Explosive Devices purposes, main routes including their vicinity are surveyed. In future military operations, small hyperspectral sensors will be used for ground covering reconnaissance, complementing images from infrared and high resolution sensors. They will be mounted on unmanned airborne vehicles and are used for on-line monitoring of convoy routes. Depending of the proximity to the road, different regions can be defined for threat assessment. Automatic road tracking can help choosing the correct areas of interest. Often, the exact discrimination between road and surroundings fails in conventional methods due to low contrast in pan-chromatic images at the road boundaries or occlusions. In this contribution, a novel real-time lock-on road tracking algorithm is introduced. It uses hyperspectral data and is specifically designed to address the afore- mentioned deficiencies of conventional methods. Local features are calculated from the high-resolution spectral signatures. They describe the similarity to the actual road cover and to either roadside. Classification is per- formed to discriminate the signatures. To improve robustness against variations in road cover, the classification results are used to progressively adapt the road and roadside classes. Occlusions are treated by predicting the course of the road and comparing the signatures in the target area to previously determined road cover signa- tures. The algorithm can be easily extended to show regions of varying threat, depending on the distance to the road. Thus, complex anomaly detectors and classification algorithms can be applied to a reduced data set. First experiments were performed for AISA Eagle II (400nm - 970nm) and AISA Hawk (970nm - 2450nm) data.