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Introduction to energy systems modelling

: Herbst, Andrea; Toro, Felipe; Reitze, Felix; Jochem, Eberhard

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2194334 (635 KByte PDF)
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Created on: 15.11.2012

Swiss journal of economics and statistics 148 (2012), No.2, pp.111-135
ISSN: 0303-9692
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()
energy modelling; bottom-up; Top-Down; hybrid energy system modelling; Switzerland

The energy demand and supply projections of the Swiss government funded by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy and carried out by a consortium of institutes and consulting companies are based on two types of energy models: macroeconomic general equilibrium models and bottom-up models for each sector. While the macroeconomic models are used to deliver the economic, demographic and policy framework conditions as well as the macroeconomic impacts of particular scenarios, the bottom-up models simulate the technical developments in the final energy sectors and try to optimise electricity generation under the given boundary conditions of a particular scenario. This introductory article gives an overview of some of the energy models used in Switzerland and - more importantly - some insights into current advanced energy system modelling practice pointing to the characteristics of the two modelling types and their advantages and limitations.