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Cast iron cutting with nano TiN and multilayer TiN-CrN coated inserts

Zerspanung von Gusseisen mittels nano-TiN- und multilayer-beschichteten Schneidplatten
: Semmler, Ulrich; Perucca, Massimo; Comoglio, Mauro; Fuentes, Gonzalo G.; Almandoz, Eluxka; Rüger, Carlo


Cranfield University:
Nanostruc 2012, International Conference on Structural Nano Composites : July 2-4, 2012 Cranfield University, Bedfordshire
Bristol: IOP Publishing, 2012 (IOP conference series. Materials science and engineering 40)
Art. 012004, 10 pp.
International Conference on Structural Nano Composites (Nanostruc) <2012, Cranfield>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWU ()
coating; cast iron; PVD deposition; cutting (turning); simulation; finite element method

During the past decade great success has been achieved in the development of duplex and multilayer multi-functional surface systems. Among these surface systems outstanding properties have nanoscale multilayer coatings. Within the framework of the M3-2S project funded in the 7th European Framework Programme, several nanoscale multilayer coatings have been developed and investigated for experimental and industrial validation. This paper shows the performance of TiN and TiN/CrN nanoscale multilayer coatings on WC cutting inserts when machining GJL250 cast iron. The thin films have been deposited by cathodic arc evaporation in an industrial PVD system. The multilayer deposition characteristic and its properties are shown. The inserts have been investigated in systematic cutting experiments of cast iron bars on a turning machine specifically equipped for force measurements, accompanied by wear determination. Furthermore, equivalent experiments have been carried out on an industrial turning unit. Industrial validation criteria have been applied to assess the comparative performance of the coatings. The choice of the material and the machined parts is driven by an interest in automotive applications. The industrial tests show the need to further optimise the multi-scale modelling approach in order to reduce the lead time of the coating development as well as to improve simulation reliability.