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Angular bandpass filters based on dielectric resonant waveguide gratings

: Steiner, Stefan; Kroker, Stefanie; Käsebier, Thomas; Kley, Ernst-Bernhard; Tünnermann, Andreas

Postprint (1.3 MByte; PDF; )

Optics Express 20 (2012), No.20, pp.22555-22562
ISSN: 1094-4087
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()

We report on a novel concept for transmissive optical elements based on resonant waveguide gratings (RWGs), which enables the realization of direction selective filters. Hereby, the broadband reflectivity of an RWG for nearly normal incidence angles is combined with high diffractive efficiency in transmission for a specific angle of incidence. Silicon is used as material with high refractive index and good compatibility with semiconductor fabrication. By adjusting the grating parameters different transmission angles and angular widths of the transmission range are feasible. First experimental results of the introduced filters provide a high transmission up to 63% at an incidence angle of 45° with a full width at half maximum of 20°.