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Numerical investigations on the residual stress field in a cladded plate due to the cladding process

: Brand, M.; Hohe, J.; Siegele, D.

Preprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2116933 (2.0 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 40bef2c7cd9c4e72e2184f29c5e322cd
Created on: 19.5.2016

Welding in the world 56 (2012), No.5-6, pp.107-113
ISSN: 0043-2288
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie BMWi
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWM ()
finite element analysis; residual stresses; simulating; welding

The inner surface of reactor pressure vessels is protected against corrosion by an austenitic cladding. Generally, the cladding is welded on the ferritic base metal with two layers to avoid cracks under the cladding and to improve the microstructure of the cladding material. On the other hand, due to the cladding process and the difference of the thermal expansion coefficient of the austenitic cladding and the ferritic base material, residual stresses are acting over the wall thickness. This residual stress field is important for the integrity assessment of the component. For the determination of the residual stress field, plates of a reactor pressure vessel steel were cladded by submerged arc welding and heat treated, representative of the real component. The numerical simulation was performed with the finite element code SYSWELD. The heat source of the model representing the welding process was calibrated against the temperature profiles measured during welding. In the analysis, the temperature-dependent material properties, as well as the transformation behaviour of the ferritic base metal, were taken into account. The calculated residual stresses show tensile stresses in the cladding followed by compressive stresses in the base metal that are in agreement with measurements with X-ray diffraction technique. After post-weld heat treatment the residual stresses in the ferritic base metal are reduced significantly.