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Normalized statical analysis with frequency and load variation for the Class-E converter based on Piezoelectric Transformers

: Engleitner, R.; Renes Pinheiro, J.; Ecke Bisogno, F.; Radecker, M.; Yang, Y.


Controle & Automacao 22 (2011), No.6, pp.573-584
ISSN: 0103-1759
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZM ()

Piezoelectric transformers (PTs) allow the design of promising power supply applications, increasing efficiency, reducing size, facilitating the achievement of high transformation ratio, besides providing high immunity against electromagnetic noise. Due to the electrical equivalent model having resonant characteristics, some resonant topologies are used to build these power supplies, i.e. the Class-E converter. In order to make easier the analysis of high order converters, it's possible to use a normalized analysis method. The control of the Class-E converter using PTs is implemented through the switching frequency and duty cycle variation. The static gain is achieved though the switching frequency variation, while the duty cycle is adjusted with the purpose of achieving soft switching for different frequencies and loads. This paper shows a normalized analysis of this process, including a normalized frequency and load variation, without the need of design parameters. Ex perimental results for a 3W stepdown converter are shown for a universal 85-260 V AC input and output voltage 6 V DC, to validate the proposed method.