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Fresnel lens concentrator with improved thermal behavior

: Hornung, T.; Neubauer, M.; Gombert, A.; Nitz, P.

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2086154 (153 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 246ee4e57b0673d9665c930f9d6e6566
Created on: 7.12.2012

Dimroth, F.:
7th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems 2011 : Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, 4-6 April 2011
Woodbury, N.Y.: AIP, 2012 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1407)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-0979-8
ISSN: 0094-243X
International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems (CPV) <7, 2011, Las Vegas/Nev.>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Solarthermie und Optik; Angewandte Optik und funktionale Oberflächen; Konzentratoroptik

Recent investigations of silicone-on-glass (SoG) Fresnel lens concentrator optics have shown a dependence of the optical efficiency and module performance on lens temperature. It was shown that the temperature dependence is dominated by a reduction of the refractive index with increasing temperature and a deformation of the lens structure due to thermal expansion of the lens material. We succeeded in modeling these effects on a computer by simulating thermal deformations of the lens structure using the finite element method (FEM) and analyzing the resulting deformed structure using ray tracing simulations. In former work, we were able to demonstrate a very good match to high precision optical measurements of Fresnel lenses at varying temperatures. The detailed insight we gained through our measurements and computer simulations was used to develop and manufacture a lens with improved optical performance at the temperature interval which is relevant for operation within a concentrator photovoltaic module. For these optimized SoG lenses, detailed computer simulations predict a significant increase in optical efficiency when compared to non-optimized lenses. High precision measurements of the optical efficiency allowed us to verify our expectations and compare experimental results of a Fresnel lens optimized for operation under varying ambient temperatures to results obtained for non-optimized Fresnel lenses.