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Evaluation of the tolerability and immunogenicity of ultraviolet C-irradiated autologous platelets in a dog model

: Pohler, Petra; Lehmann, Jörg; Veneruso, Verena; Tomm, Janina; Bergen, Martin von; Lambrecht, Bernd; Kohn, Barbara; Weingart, Christiane; Müller, Thomas H.; Seltsam, Axel


Transfusion 52 (2012), No.11, pp.2414-2426
ISSN: 0041-1132
ISSN: 1537-2995
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()

BACKGROUND: The THERAFLEX ultraviolet (UV) platelets (PLTs) pathogen reduction system for PLT concentrates (PCs) operates using ultravioletC (UVC) light at a wavelength of 254nm. UVC treatment can potentially alter proteins, which may affect drug tolerance in humans and influence the immunogenicity of blood products. This preclinical study in beagle dogs was designed to evaluate the safety pharmacology of UVC-irradiated PCs after intravenous administration and to determine whether they are capable of eliciting humoral responses to PLTs and plasma proteins.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Six beagle dogs each were transfused once every other week for 10 weeks with UVC-irradiated or nonirradiated PCs. All PCs were autologous canine single-donor products prepared from whole blood. Safety pharmacology variables were regularly assessed. The impact of UVC irradiation on PLT and plasma proteomes was analyzed by one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Serum samples were tested for UVC-induced antibodies by Western blot and flow cytometry.
RESULTS: Dogs transfused with UVC-irradiated PCs showed no signs of local or systemic intolerance. Few but significant changes in PLT protein integrity were observed after UVC irradiation. Even after repeated administration of UVC-irradiated PCs, no antibodies against UVC-exposed plasma or PLT proteins were detected.
CONCLUSIONS: Repeated transfusions of autologous UVC-treated PCs were well tolerated in all dogs studied. UVC irradiation did not cause significant plasma or PLT protein modifications capable of inducing specific antibody responses in the dogs. High-resolution proteomics combined with antibody analysis introduces a comprehensive and sensitive method for screening of protein modifications and antibodies specific for pathogen reduction treatment.