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Estimation of the influence of Fresnel lens temperature on energy generation of a concentrator photovoltaic system

: Hornung, T.; Steiner, M.; Nitz, P.


Solar energy materials and solar cells 99 (2012), pp.333-338
ISSN: 0927-0248
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Solarthermie und Optik; Angewandte Optik und funktionale Oberflächen; Konzentratoroptik

Recent investigations of Fresnel lens concentrator optics have shown that optical efficiency and module performance depend on lens temperature. In former works we have succeeded in modeling these effects, achieving very good agreement with measurements of silicone on glass (SOG) Fresnel lenses. In the work presented here, we combine this lens model with irradiation spectra and ambient temperature data at typical sites for concentrator photovoltaic power plants for a whole year of operation. The solar cell is simulated with a model based upon the detailed balance limit introduced by Shockley and Queisser. This concentrator photovoltaic system consisting of a triple junction solar cell and a Fresnel lens concentrator is simulated including changes in temperature and spectrum over daytime and during all seasons. Comparing two simulations, one with the Fresnel lens kept at constant temperature and one with a realistic temperature variation of the lens, allows us to analyze the impact of Fresnel lens temperature on system efficiency under realistic environmental conditions. In our analysis poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) Fresnel lenses and SOG Fresnel lenses show comparable energy harvesting efficiency at close to market locations.