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Relaxation processes and structural transitions in stretched films of polyvinylidene fluoride and its copolymer with hexafluoropropylene

: Frübing, P.; Wang, F.; Wegener, M.


Applied physics. A 107 (2012), No.3, pp.603-611
ISSN: 0340-3793
ISSN: 0721-7250
ISSN: 0947-8396 (Print)
ISSN: 1432-0630 (Online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

Relaxation processes and structural transitions in nonstretched and uniaxially stretched films of poly(vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene) (P(VDF-HFP)) and its homopolymer polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) for comparison were investigated with the aim of understanding the electromechanical properties of this lower-modulus ferroelectric copolymer. The mechanical and the dielectric response at the glass transition (a relaxation) exhibit similar temperature dependence of the relaxation time, whereas mechanical and dielectric processes above the glass transition are not related. They represent a continuous softening process within the amorphous phase and the dielectric c relaxation, respectively. The latter is attributed to conformational changes of VDF segments in lamellae of spherulites constituting the nonpolar crystalline phase. Furthermore, there is a contribution from melting of secondary crystallites formed in the amorphous phase during annealing or storage. Mecha nically, this transition appears in nonstretched and stretched films as an accelerated decrease of the elastic modulus that terminates the rubber plateau. Dielectrically, this transition becomes visible as a frequency-independent loss peak only in stretched films, because stretching removes the c relaxation, which superimposes the transition in nonstretched films. Melting of secondary crystallites is shown to appear in the homopolymer, too, though less pronounced because of more complete primary crystallisation.