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Microstructure and sound absorption of snow

: Maysenhölder, Waldemar; Heggli, Martin; Zhou, Xiaoru; Zhang, Ting; Frei, E.; Schneebeli, Martin


Cold regions science and technology 83-84 (2012), pp.3-12
ISSN: 0165-232X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Sound absorption of snow was measured for test specimens with porosities in the range from 46% to approximately 90% in an impedance tube at frequencies between 125 Hz and 1.6 kHz. In addition, the geometrical structure of the same samples was determined by X-ray microtomography. This novel experimental combination is to provide a reliable basis for the development of quantitative correlations between sound absorption and structure. The homogeneity of the samples was assessed by image analysis. Using the 'simplified' relaxation model of Wilson the measured sound absorption could be satisfactorily reproduced. Two of the four parameters of the absorption model were obtained directly, i.e. without fitting, from geometric quantities (porosity and surface density), while the other two parameters were determined by adaptation to the absorption. The air permeability deduced from the model parameters compares well with known measured and calculated values.