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High-purity oxygen production by a dead-end Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-delta tube membrane

: Liang, F.; Jiang, H.; Luo, H.; Kriegel, R.; Caro, J.


Catalysis Today 193 (2012), No.1, pp.95-100
ISSN: 0920-5861
International Conference on Catalysis in Membrane Reactors (ICCMR) <10, 2011, St. Petersburg>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
BSCF; dead-end membrane; oxygen permeation; oxygen transporting membrane; perovskite

High-purity oxygen was produced by dead-end Ba 0.5Sr 0.5Co 0.8Fe 0.2O 3-delta (BSCF) tube membranes which were sealed by a reaction-diffusion sintering process. First, phase stability of BSCF membrane in a pure oxygen atmosphere - as it is present on the permeate side of the membrane - was studied at 750 and 950 °C, respectively. After the identification of stable operation conditions of BSCF membranes, we studied the oxygen permeation at 950 °C using dead-end BSCF tubes (1 cm outer diameter, 1 mm wall thickness) in (i) a pressure-driven process, (ii) a vacuum process, and (iii) combining both techniques. In all cases, a high oxygen purity of almost 100 vol.% can be obtained at operation temperatures >= 850 °C. The oxygen permeation flux, the oxygen recovery, and the oxygen ionic con ductivity were investigated. It was found that - for the same oxygen partial pressure difference - the oxygen permeation flux in the vacuum process is significantly higher than that in the pressure-driven process at all investigated temperatures. Moreover, in all cases, oxygen permeation and oxygen ionic conductivity can be described by the Wagner theory for bulk diffusion of oxygen ions as rate-limiting step with the logarithmic ratio of the oxygen partial pressures on feed and permeate sides as driving force.