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Formation and photocatalytic decomposition of a pellicle on anatase surfaces

 
: Rupp, F.; Haupt, M.; Eichler, M.; Doering, C.; Klostermann, H.; Scheideler, L.; Lachmann, S.; Oehr, C.; Wendel, H.P.; Decker, E.; Geis-Gerstorfer, J.; Ohle, C. von

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Journal of dental research 91 (2012), No.1, pp.104-109
ISSN: 1544-0591
ISSN: 0022-0345
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()

Abstract
The acquired dental pellicle plays a critical role in the adhesion and detachment of dental plaque bacteria. It has been reported that titanium dioxide biomaterials decompose single-protein films by photocatalysis. However, it is not known whether this can also be achieved with complex structured pellicle films. This in vitro study investigated in real-time the formation and photocatalytic decomposition of human pellicle at anatase-saliva interfaces. Nanostructured polycrystalline anatase layers were deposited on titanium-coated quartz crystals by magnetron-sputtering, serving as a model for titanium implant surfaces. The quartz crystals were used as acoustic sensors in a quartz-crystal microbalance (QCM) system with dissipation. In situ UV irradiation of pellicle-covered anatase caused a statistically significant decrease of the adsorbed salivary mass. In contrast, photocatalytic decomposition of pellicle could not be observed on reference titanium surfaces. Wettability characterization revealed superhydrophilicity of anatase upon UV irradiation, whereas titanium was unaffected. XPS measurements provide further information concerning the decomposition of the salivary films. The results suggest that the photocatalytic activity of polycrystalline anatase-modified biomaterial surfaces is able to decompose complex structured macromolecular pellicle films. Therefore, this study opens the way to surface modifications supporting therapeutic approaches of biofilm removal.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-198745.html