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Effect of crystal habit and superstructure on modulus of elasticity of isotactic polypropylene by AFM nanoindentation

 
: Zia, Q.; Tranchida, D.; Androsch, R.; Schönherr, H.

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Journal of Materials Science : JMS 47 (2012), No.7, pp.3040-3045
ISSN: 0022-2461
ISSN: 1573-4803
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ( IMWS) ()
atomic-force microscopy; morphology; polymers; deformation; strength

Abstract
In this study the effects of crystal habit, crystallinity and superstructure on the modulus of elasticity of isotactic polypropylene films were analyzed by atomic force microscope (AFM) nanoindentation. The modulus of elasticity, evaluated on the nanometer scale by AFM, showed a qualitatively similar dependence on the crystal habit, crystallinity and superstructure as the modulus of elasticity measured by dynamic-mechanical analysis and tensile testing. The observed values of both the surface stiffness measured by AFM and the macroscopic/bulk stiffness were distinctly larger in the presence of non-isometric lamellae organized in spherulite than in the presence of isometric nodular crystals, not organized in a spherulitic superstructure. The experimental data showed that the modulus of elasticity is not primarily influenced by the presence or absence of spherulite but by the molecular-deformation constraint associated to the crystal habit.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-198685.html