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Animal snoRNAs and scaRNAs with exceptional structures

: Marz, M.; Gruber, A.R.; Siederdissen, C.H.Z.; Amman, F.; Badelt, S.; Bartschat, S.; Bernhart, S.H.; Beyer, W.; Kehr, S.; Lorenz, R.; Tanzer, A.; Yusuf, D.; Tafer, H.; Hofacker, I.L.; Stadler, P.F.


RNA biology 8 (2011), No.6, pp.938-946
ISSN: 1547-6286
ISSN: 1555-8584
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()

The overwhelming majority of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) fall into two clearly defined classes characterized by distinctive secondary structures and sequence motifs. A small group of diverse ncRNAs, however, shares the hallmarks of one or both classes of snoRNAs but differs substantially from the norm in some respects. Here, we compile the available information on these exceptional cases, conduct a thorough homology search throughout the available metazoan genomes, provide improved and expanded alignments, and investigate the evolutionary histories of these ncRNA families as well as their mutual relationships.