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Structure-property relationship of cellulose ethers - influence of the synthetic pathway on cyanoethylation

 
: Volkert, B.; Wagenknecht, W.; Mai, M.

Liebert, T.F. ; American Chemical Society -ACS-, Division of Cellulose and Renewable Materials:
Cellulose solvents. For analysis, shaping and chemical modification : Developed from a symposium titled "Cellulose Solvents", held at the 235th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 6 - 10, 2008
Washington, DC: ACS, 2010 (ACS Symposium Series 1033)
ISBN: 978-0-8412-0006-7
ISSN: 0097-6156
pp.319-341
Symposium "Cellulose Solvents" <2008, New Orleans/La.>
American Chemical Society (National Meeting) <235, 2008, New Orleans/La.>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IAP ()

Abstract
The insertion of the reactive cyanoethyl groups into cellulose molecules by etherification with acrylonitrile results in products with wide application potential. Highly substituted organo-soluble products on a commercial scale are used in the high-tech sector because of their exceptional properties. Soluble products with a low and medium degree of substitution (DS) are only accessible via homogeneous synthesis. They have been unexplored to a large extent up until now. This paper will give an overview of new examinations of the reaction conditions and the influence of pretreatment and cellulose structure on the DS and DS distribution of cyanoethyl ether and carboxyethyl ether groups respectively. It describes the derivatization under homogeneous conditions into N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide monohydrate (NMMNO*H(2)O) and under heterogeneous conditions with native cellulose and after converting native cellulose to amorphous cellulose. The products are characterized by (13)C-NMR measurements and by rheological examinations.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-198331.html