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An engineering approach to fatigue analysis based on elastic-plastic fracture mechanics

: Eufinger, Jens; Bruder, Thomas; Heinrietz, Andre; Hanselka, Holger

James, M.N. ; Gruppo Italiano Frattura -IGF-:
First IJFatigue & FFEMS Joint Workshop Characterisation of Crack Tip Stress Fields 2011 : Forni di Sopra (UD), Italy, March 7-9 2011
Forni di Sopra, 2011
ISBN: 978-88-95940-35-9
Joint Workshop Characterisation of Crack Tip Stress Fields <1, 2011, Forni di Sopra>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer LBF ()
fatigue analysis; elastic-plastic fracture mechanic; material fatigue

Nowadays cast iron components are widely used in highly stressed structures. Component lifetime is strongly influenced by inhomogeneities caused by the material's microstructure and the manufacturing process (graphite particles, (micro-)shrinkage pores, inclusions). Inhomogeneities often act as a fatigue crack starter. Lifetime until failure may be divided into stages for crack initiation, short and long crack growth. Initiation of a crack of technical size (a ? 1mm) is often dominated by the growth of short cracks. The paper presents an approach to analyze the mechanically short fatigue crack growth based on elastic-plastic fracture mechanics. The application of the approach is successfully demonstrated for cast iron material EN-GJS-400-18-LT using data from fatigue tests, microstructure and fracture surface analyses to assess the fatigue life.