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Liquid crystalline dendrimers containing photoactive cinnamate units

: Vinuales, A.I.; Serrano, J.L.; Gimenez, R.; Pinol, M.; Tomczyk, J.; Stumpe, J.


Journal of polymer science. A, polymer chemistry 49 (2011), No.16, pp.3499-3512
ISSN: 0360-6376
ISSN: 0887-624X
ISSN: 1099-0518
ISSN: 1096-990X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

Cinnamate-containing dendrimers have been prepared by peripheral functionalization of the amine groups of a poly(propyleneimine) dendrimer with 4-methoxycinnamate- or 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)cinnamate-derived units and/or 4-cyanobiphenyl units in different proportions. The synthesis, full characterization in solution, thermal properties and optical properties of the novel monomers, homodendrimers and codendrimers are reported. The composition of the molecular structure of the codendrimers has been elucidated by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). These liquid crystalline dendrimers display lamellar SmA mesophases. The codendrimers have been tailored in such a way that the photoactive units and the liquid crystal units absorb in different regions in order to allow better control over the processes induced by light. Linearly polarized UV light irradiation studies performed on thin films of the cinnamate codendrimers sh ow that they are photoresponsive. A photoinduced anisotropy is generated with increasing exposure time, but in-plane amplification of anisotropy by thermal annealing in the mesophase was not observed.