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Robust controller for DFIGs of grid-connected wind turbines

: Costa, J.P. da; Pinheiro, H.; Degner, T.; Arnold, G.


IEEE transactions on industrial electronics 58 (2011), No.9, pp.4023-4038
ISSN: 0278-0046
ISSN: 0018-9421
ISSN: 0093-9994
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWES ()

This paper proposes a new robust controller in a stationary reference frame for doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs) of grid-connected wind turbines. Initially, a DFIG dynamic model is derived from the voltage and flux equations in coordinates, where uncertainties and disturbances intrinsic to the system are accounted for as perturbation terms are added to the nominal model. Then, a controller design procedure that guarantees the DFIG stability under uncertainties and disturbances at the grid side is presented in detail. It is demonstrated that a very fast dynamic behavior can be obtained with the proposed controller, which improves the transient response of the grid-connected DFIG, particularly under conditions of unbalanced voltage dips resulting from asymmetrical network faults. In order to conform with the fault ride-through capability requirements, this paper proposes a new reference strategy, which is divided into normal and fault operation modes. Experimental results are given to support the theoretical analysis and to illustrate the performance of the grid-connected DFIG with the proposed controller.