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Nanoscaled La0.6Sr0.4CoO3- as intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell cathode: Microstructure and electrochemical performance

: Hayd, J.; Dieterle, L.; Guntow, U.; Gerthsen, D.; Ivers-Tiffee, E.


Journal of power sources 196 (2011), No.17, pp.7263-7270
ISSN: 0378-7753
ISSN: 1873-2755
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISC ()

Lowering the operation temperature of solid oxide fuel cells to the range of 400-600 °C has generated new concepts for materials choice, interfacial design and electrode microstructures. In this study nanometer scaled and nanoporous La0.6Sr0.4CoO3- (LSC) was derived from metal-organic precursors as thin film cathodes of about 200 nm thickness with mean grain sizes ranging from 17 to 90 nm and porosities of up to 45%. These microstructures resulted from different processing parameters such as heating rate, calcination temperature and post calcination annealing, and made it possible to study the influence of the electrode microstructure on the electrochemical performance. Microstructural characteristics were analyzed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy and the performance was evaluated in terms of area specific polarization resistance by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in a temperature range of 400-600 °C. Polarization resistances as low as 0. 023 cm2 were measured at 600 °C, facilitated by a substantial increase of the inner surface area of the nanoscaled microstructure, resulting from low temperature processing at 800 °C, and by enhanced catalytic properties determined for nanoscaled La 0.6Sr0.4CoO3- prepared by metal organic deposition.