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Densification, microstructure, and wear property of in situ titanium nitride-reinforced titanium silicide matrix composites prepared by a novel selective laser melting process

: Gu, D.; Hong, C.; Meng, G.


Metallurgical and materials transactions. A 43 (2011), No.2, pp.697-708
ISSN: 1073-5623
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ILT ()

This work presents the densification behavior, microstructural features, microhardness, and wear property of in situ TiN/Ti5Si3 composite parts prepared by a novel Selective Laser Melting (SLM) process. The occurrence of balling phenomenon at a low laser energy density combined with a high scan speed and the formation of thermal cracks at an excessive laser energy input generally decreased densification rate. The in situ-formed TiN reinforcing phase experienced a successive morphological change: an irregular polyangular shape-a refined near-round shape-a coarsened dendritic shape, as the applied laser energy density increased. The variations in liquid-solid wettability and intensity of Marangoni convection within laser molten pool accounted for the different growth mechanisms of TiN reinforcement. The TiN/Ti5Si3 composite parts prepared under the optimal SLM conditions had a near-full 97.7 pct theoretical density and a uniform microhardness distribution with a significa ntly increased average value of 1358.0HV0.3. The dry sliding wear tests revealed that a considerably low friction coefficient of 0.19 without any apparent fluctuation and a reduced wear rate of 6.84 × 10-5mm3/Nm were achieved. The enhanced wear resistance was attributed to the formation of adherent strain-hardened tribolayer covered on the worn surface.