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Effective surface-based cryopreservation of human embryonic stem cells by vitrification

: Beier, A.F.J.; Schulz, J.C.; Dörr, D.; Katsen-Globa, A.; Sachinidis, A.; Hescheler, J.; Zimmermann, H.


Cryobiology 63 (2011), No.3, pp.175-185
ISSN: 0011-2240
ISSN: 1090-2392
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IBMT ()

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are candidates for many applications in the areas of regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, basic scientific research as well as pharmacology and toxicology. However, use of hESCs is limited by their sensitivity to freezing and thawing procedures. Hence, this emerging science needs new, reliable preservation methods for the long-term storage of large quantities of functional hESCs remaining pluripotent after post-thawing and culturing. Here, we present a highly efficient, surface based vitrification method for the cryopreservation of large numbers of adherent hESC colonies, using modified cell culture substrates. This technique results in much better post-thaw survival rate compared to cryopreservation in suspension and allows a quick and precise handling and storage of the cells, indicating low differentiation rates.