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Landmarke: An ad hoc deployable ubicomp infrastructure to support indoor navigation of firefighters

: Ramirez, L.; Dyrks, T.; Gerwinski, J.; Betz, M.; Scholz, M.; Wulf, V.


Personal and ubiquitous computing 16 (2012), No.8, pp.1025-1038
ISSN: 0949-2054
ISSN: 1617-4909
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FIT ()

Indoor navigation plays a central role for the safety of firefighters. The circumstances in which a firefighting intervention occurs represent a rather complex challenge for the design of supporting technology. In this paper, we present the results of our work designing an ad hoc ubicomp infrastructure to support navigation of firefighters working in structure fires inside the zone of danger. We take a wider approach, complementing the technical questions with the development of effective navigation practices based on technology available today. We provide an overview of the complete design process, from the theoretical and empirical underpinnings to the construction and evaluation of three iterations of the platform. We report the results of our evaluation and the implications and tensions uncovered in this process, and we discuss the challenges and implications of it for the design of ubicomp for firefighters.